Global steel production is steadily growing and reached almost 1.8 billion tonnes in 2018. Around half of this volume is smelted in China. Other major steelmaking countries include Japan, India, the US, Russia, South Korea, Germany, Turkey, Italy, Taiwan and Ukraine.
Ukraine's mining and metals sector unites companies in ferrous and non-ferrous metallurgy, mining and processing plants, ferroalloy and coke plants, and companies that make metal products. Steelmaking accounts for a quarter of the country's industry and foreign currency revenue, as well as up to 10% of government budget revenues.
Ukraine has three main steelmaking regions: Donetsk, Priazovsk and Pridneprovsk. They have large concentrations of fuel (mostly coal) and iron ore, and they also produce iron ore raw materials and metal products. Mining and processing plants, known as GOKs in Ukraine, are located mainly in the city of Kryvyi Rih, including Sukha Balka, Ingulets GOK, Northern GOK, Southern GOK and Central GOK. The steelmaking industry is located in Mariupol (Ilyich Steel and Azovstal), Zaporizhia (Zaporizhstal, Dniprospetsstal and Zaporizhia Ferroalloy Plant), Dnipro (Dniprovsky Steel Plant and Interpipe Steel), Kryvyi Rih (ArcelorMittal Kryvyi Rih) and other cities. The country has several main steelmakers. The largest is Metinvest Group. It is a vertically integrated holding. Put simply, the Group's companies produce all the components that are needed to make steel products. The quarries of the four mining and processing plants in Kryvyi Rih mine iron ore, the coke plants in Avdiivka and Zaporizhia make coke, and steel is made at Ilyich Steel and Azovstal in Mariupol, as well as at Zaporizhstal. The Group has plants in Bulgaria, the UK and Italy that only make finished products from its feedstock. Metinvest has its own sales network that sells its metal products in more than 100 countries worldwide.
Miners and smelters always work together. This is how the steelmaker's kitchen works. The comparison with cooking here is not accidental. After all, people cannot live without food, just like the world cannot live without steel. To understand the intricacies of cooking this dish, we look at each shelf in the steelmaker's kitchen and analyse every ingredient. Are you ready to be a chef? Then let's go!